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Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History

Beryl ( var. morganite)

Photograph of a group of morganites from the National Gem Collection
Photo by Chip Clark. Click to zoom.
SpecimenCatalog NumberLocalityWeight
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G3780-00Brazil235.5 ct
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G7759-00Minas Gerais, Brazil330 ct
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G8806-00Minas Gerais, Brazil106.25 ct
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G9224-00Madagascar93.2 ct
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G2223-00Madagascar56 ct
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G4190-00Brazil79.6 ct
Beryl (var. morganite)NMNH G4286-00White Queen Mine, California, United States115.2 ct

The mineral beryl has many beautiful gem varieties: intense green emerald, blue to blue-green aquamarine, golden yellow heliodor, rare red beryl, and pink morganite. Beryl, in its pure form, is colorless. The rich hues of its gems are caused by a variety of impurity atoms that were incorporated in the crystals as they grew. Morganite, or pink beryl, gets its delicate hue from trace quantities of manganese. Morganite ranges in color from pink or rose to peach to light violet, as can be seen here in this group of morganites. In 1911, it was named by the renowned gemologist George F. Kunz after his patron, financier J. P. Morgan. Madagascar is famous for its deep pink morganite gems, but many fine stones are found in Brazil, Afghanistan, and California.

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